Chlamydia is the most common bacterial STD. There are 20 million new cases of chlamydia diagnosed every year and 1 in 23 people ages 14-39 have chlamydia. Chlamydia often goes asymptomatic with 90% of men not experiencing symptoms and 70-95% of women not experiencing any symptoms. Chlamydia is easily treated with little complications when identified early.
Causes of Chlamydia
Chlamydia is caused by the bacteria chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia is spread by vaginal and anal intercourse. Rarely, it is spread during oral sex or by touching your eye with your hand. It can also spread from a woman to her fetus during birth. Chlamydia is not passed through casual contact.
Chlamydia Rates by Age and Gender
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How is Chlamydia Transmitted?
Herpes is most commonly transmitted through vaginal and oral sex. In rare cases, chlamydia can be passed via oral sex.
- Chlamydia can be transmitted through vaginal sex
- Chlamydia can be transmitted through oral sex
- Chlamydia can be transmitted through anal sex
Chlamydia can infect the penis, vagina, cervix, anus, urethra, eye, or throat.
What Are the Symptoms of Chlamydia in Men?
Chlamydia often times can show no symptoms but can still be transmittable. Symptoms that do occur with a chlamydia infection in men are pain while urinating, groin pain, pelvic, lower abdominal pain, swelling of the tesiticles and itching around urethra. Discharge from the penis is also commonly associated with chlamydia in men.
What Are the Symptoms of Chlamydia in Women?
Roughly 2/3rds of infected women experience no symptoms with a chlamydia infection. Symptoms of chlamydia in women include: painful urination, painful intercourse, lower abdominal pain, discharge and/or bleeding from the vagina.
How is Chlamydia Treated?
After it is initially diagnosed, chlamydia is usually treated with an oral antibiotic. Most physicians will recommend treating all partners as well to prevent reinfection and often times will want a retest in three months to confirm that the infection has cleared.
What Happens If I Chlamydia Goes Untreated?
While the early stages of chlamydia are mundane and often symptomless, leaving the infection active can have serious long-term consequences. The scariest scenario in young women is allowing the infection to reach the uterus and fallopian tubes where it can cause PID and infertility.
How Does a Chlamydia Test Work?
Testing for chlamydia can take several forms but the most common is by analyzing a urine sample. This urinalysis tests for the presence of the bacteria that causes chlamydia, Chlamydia trachomatis.
What is the Link between Chlamydia and Gonorrhea?
Chlamydia and gonorrhea share several common symptoms which makes distinguishing them difficult without a clinical laboratory test. Both are treated with antibiotics but gonorrhea is more likely to become become drug resistant, creating the need to more intense follow-up and possibly a stronger course of antibiotics.
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